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Circleville was unique among early American towns, built to conform to a circular prehistoric earthworks. When Pickaway County was formed in 1810 there were no existing settlements that seemed suitable for a county seat. Therefore, a new town was laid out within the ancient's "circle" on the high bank east of the Scioto River. It's streets radiated from an octagonal courthouse in the center of the circle.
The prehistoric Mound Builders occupied Pickaway County several thousand years before the arrival of the Indians and, later, European settlers. They left mounds throughout the area, some of which were burial mounds. Circleville itself was initially built to conform to circular prehistoric earthworks. A remarkable specimen of the ancient mounds remains near Tarlton in the form of a Greek cross.
Stage's Pond State Nature Preserve, is nature's own monument to the great ice fields which once covered most of Ohio 17,000 years ago. Stage's Pond is an example of one of the distinctive features of glaciated areas, a kettle lake.
Located in Wayne township along Canal Road, a section of the Ohio Erie Canal stretches from the old Penn Central Railroad right-of-way south to the Scioto River access maintained by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, near where the old village of Westfall once flourished. The canal is maintained as an historical, educational, and recreational area open to the public.